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How Actresses Who Are Just Starting Out Get Pressured Into 'Creepy' Nude Scenes

"There is this fear of, 'I will get fired, and I need this job.' There's this feeling of being easily replaceable."

How Actresses
Actresses at every level are being routinely pressured into performing nude or semi-nude.

HIGHLIGHTS
  1. Ciera Payton was 18 when she was cast in the 2007 film "Flight of Fury."
  1. Neither producers nor her agent showed the film's full script, she said.
  1. Women in film, TV industry often pressured to perform nude scenes

Ciera Payton had just turned 18 when she was cast in a lead role opposite Steven Seagal in the 2007 film "Flight of Fury." It was her first professional acting job, and filming would take place in Romania.

But before sending her to set, neither the film's producers nor her agent showed her the film's full script, Payton says. So it wasn't until halfway through her flight that the sophomore at University of North Carolina's drama program read the screenplay for the first time and discovered a scene in which a character comes out of the shower naked.


"I was like, 'That's my character,'" she says. "My heart began pounding." She would also be performing a sex scene with another woman.

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Actresses are frequently pressured to appear nude or semi-nude, especially early in their careers.

When she stepped off the plane, knowing no one else on set and without enough money to even place an international phone call, Payton decided to go straight to the top: She mustered up her courage, and approached Seagal in his trailer. After thanking him for the opportunity, she explained that she hadn't been informed about the expected nude scene, and she wasn't comfortable performing it.

"He's kind of sitting there," says Payton, "and he's trying to think of what to say, and he goes, 'You won't even show your tits?' "

The actor sent Payton outside and gathered some of the other on-set higher-ups into his trailer, all of whom were male. Then he called Payton back in to question her. Was she really not going to perform the nude scenes? Wouldn't she just take her top off? "At one point," says Payton, "somebody in the room is just like, 'You know, we stuck our neck out to hire you for this.' "

Women in the film and television industry are frequently pressured to perform nude or nearly nude scenes, experiencing everything from subtle coercion to threats and verbal abuse at the hands of directors or producers. In a December 2017 New York Times essay, Salma Hayek said the disgraced producer Harvey Weinstein threatened to shut down production on the 2002 film "Frida" if she didn't appear fully nude in a sex scene with another woman. Other well-known actresses, including Sarah Jessica Parker and Debra Messing, have gone public with similar ordeals involving different men (Parker did not end up doing the scene).
 
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On film sets that aren't regulated by SAG-AFTRA, coerced nudity can be an even bigger problem.

Often, as with these now-famous women, as well as the women The Washington Post interviewed for this story, the strong-arming happens early in a performer's career, when they have little to no influence on-set and are working to establish themselves in the industry. Some reported worrying they would get a reputation for being "difficult" if they said no to the requests. Others feared being replaced, fired or put on an industry blacklist. Still more felt cornered or frightened in the moment, and agreed to go along with the demands in order to make the coercion end.

Actresses have spoken about these events throughout the years, but it's not until now, with the #MeToo and Time's Up movements working to combat sexual misconduct and fight for true gender equality, that their concerns are being taken more seriously.

"It happens to everyone," says Loan Dang, a partner at the Los Angeles-based entertainment law firm Del Shaw Moonves Tanaka Finkelstein & Lezcano. "The actor gets pressured into doing something they don't feel comfortable with. Everyone says, 'You're holding stuff up, can you make a decision?' You're with these people on-set, you work with them, so then you think, 'Oh God, how do I say no?' "

"It feels surprisingly like high school, like peer pressure," adds actress Alysia Reiner ("Orange Is the New Black," "Better Things") who was made to perform a sex scene that was not part of the original script early in her career. "Particularly as a young actor, there is this fear of, 'I will get fired, and I need this job.' There's this feeling of being easily replaceable."

Hollywood wasn't always so fixated on nudity. For several decades in the early half of the 20th century, the industry was self-censored via regulations known as the Motion Picture Production Code. Around the mid- to late-1950s, those regulations eased, and films began to depict actors in various states of undress.

But those depictions were never spread equally between men and women. By 2016, 25.6 percent of speaking or named female characters in the year's top-grossing 100 fictional films were depicted heavily exposed (such as "chest/cleavage, midriff, or high upper thigh thigh"), partially nude or nude as compared to 9.2 percent of men, according to research done by the University of Southern California's Annenberg Inclusion Initiative. These figures have were relatively consistent in the decade since 2006.

SAG-AFTRA, the union that represents film and television actors, includes a nudity clause in its collective bargaining agreement with the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers. In addition to other requirements, producers must alert performers to any expected nude scenes or sex scenes prior to their audition, obtain separate written consent from the actor for any such scenes and enforce a closed set when filming the scenes.

These rules are the bare minimum, says Dang. "People who have representation will negotiate beyond that."

For her clients - who range from household names to lesser-known performers - Dang typically asks for a handful of other protections. Those may include an in-depth conversation between the director and her client about the scene, the ability for her client to review footage after filming the scene and the destruction of any footage from the scene that isn't going to be used. Her negotiations also include explicit detail about what will and will not be shown onscreen, from nipples to pubic hair to shots of an actor's backside.

But even with these protections in place, some directors or producers push for more explicit performances once actors arrive on-set. If actors alert SAG-AFTRA to such behavior, a union representative is supposed to intervene. SAG-AFTRA also employs representatives tasked with visiting sets to ensure compliance, but with thousands of productions happening every year, the union does not have enough personnel to send to each location. Producers and directors are expected to abide by the rules in good faith - and not all of them do. (SAG-AFTRA declined to comment on the record for this story).

"Despite the fact that SAG has all these rules, despite the fact that (actors) have attorneys and have negotiated ... they get to the set and the actor is asked to do something beyond what's been agreed to," says Dang.

Benita Robledo, an actress turned director who has had roles on "Gossip Girl," the CW's "Teen Wolf" and 2008's "What Happens in Vegas," says she experienced intimidation similar to Payton on the set of 2016's "Dependent's Day." While filming the largely improvised independent feature film, she spent hours each day with her director and co-star working out dialogue and scenes. So when the director, Michael David Lynch, suggested they do a full frontal nude scene, Robledo says she felt comfortable telling him in no uncertain terms that she didn't want to do it.

But, she says

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